Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Divided panel vacates dismissal

US v. Vinson:  The government appealed the district court’s order that granted the defendant’s motion to dismiss the indictment in this case; the defendant had been indicted for being a felon in possession after a consensual search of his residence revealed a rifle and ammunition, and in 2004, he had been convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence in North Carolina.  At issue is whether the prior conviction qualified Vinson as a person not to possess a firearm under 18 U.S.C. §922(g)(9).

This case arose from a January 2013 incident in which police received information that Vinson allegedly threatened his wife and children’s lives, and then fled.  The police put the kids’ school on lock-down and Vinson’s wife permitted the police to search their home, wherein the gun and ammo were discovered.  In making its determination on the motion to dismiss, the district court stated that, under the law, assault and battery charges don’t necessarily connote acts of violence.  The district court concluded that Vinson’s prior conviction did not qualify as a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence under the categorical approach.  The government appealed.

On appeal, the government argued that contrary to the district court’s conclusion, the modified categorical approach may be applied in this case, as the state statute of Vinson’s prior conviction is divisible because it has elements creating several different crimes, some of which match a generic federal offense.  The Fourth Circuit agreed with the government here, vacated the order dismissing the indictment, and remanded with instruction to reinstate the indictment against Vinson.

Judge Gregory dissented, arguing that the majority relied upon “tenuous suppositions, inapposite jury instructions, and the decision of a state intermediate appellate court (at odds with the state supreme court) to hold that assault is a divisible offense in North Carolina.”

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