Monday, November 15, 2010

State Pretrial Detention Tolls Federal SR Term

US v. Ide: Ide was on a three-year term of supervised release when he was arrested on state charges, for which he was eventually convicted and sentenced. He spent about seven months in pretrial detention on the state charges and was given credit for that time when sentenced by the state court. Two years after being released from state custody, Ide was arrested for violating the terms of his supervised release. He moved to have the petition dismissed, arguing that his term of supervised release had ended because the it was not tolled, under 18 USC 3624(e), during the seven months he spent in state pretrial detention. The district court denied the motion, revoked Ide's term of supervised release, returned him to prison, and imposed a further term of supervised release (which Ide has subsequently violated).

On appeal, the Fourth Circuit affirmed. The dispute turned on the meaning of "imprisoned in connection with a conviction" in 3624(e), which triggers the tolling of a term of supervised release. The court noted that this "precise issue" has been decided by four other Circuits, only one of which had adopted Ide's reading of 3624(e). Adopting the majority position, the court concluded that Ide's position was foreclosed by the plain meaning of 3624(e). To hold otherwise would make the "in connection with" language superfluous, at least in cases like this one where the defendant received credit for the time spent in pretrial detention.

No comments: